COVID-19

Where did the virus come from?

The virus is believed to have originated in a live seafood and animal market in the city of Wuhan, the largest city of the Chinese province of  Hubei. In December 2019 a small group of people associated with this market demonstrated signs of pneumonia which later spread to family members and healthcare professionals treating the infected (1). This novel virus has since spread to affect approximately 203 countries (2) and on March 11 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) designated the COVID-19 outbreak from an epidemic to a pandemic (3). 

References:

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=115&v=mOV1aBVYKGA&feature=emb_title 26/03/20

  2. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 30/03/20

  3. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200311-sitrep-51-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=1ba62e57_1029/03/20

  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lesson 1: Introduction to epidemiology. Section 11: Epidemic disease occurrence. Level of disease. Updated May 18, 2012 26/03/20

  5. https://www.oie.int/en/scientific-expertise/specific-information-and-recommendations/questions-and-answers-on-2019novel-coronavirus/ 29/03/20

  6. Raina K. Plowright et al. Pathways to zoonotic spillover Nat Rev Microbiol. 2017; 15(8): 502–510.  Published online 2017 May 30. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017. 

  7. Andersen, K.G., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W.I. et al. The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nat Med (2020). 17 March 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-0820-9

  8. https://www.afcd.gov.hk/english/publications/publications_press/pr2346.html?mod=article_inline 29/03/20

  9. AVA email communication 28/03.20 : COVID-19: Report of human transmission to pet cat in Belgium.

  10. AVA Client information sheet COVID-19 and companion animals 18/03/20

  11. https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/coronavirus-covid-19-transmission-reduction-measures 29/03/20

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