What can I do to protect myself from COVID -19?

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions (11):

  • Stay at home. Don’t visit friends, and don’t visit family at this time.

  • Do not travel overseas, interstate, take a cruise or travel domestically in Victoria unless absolutely necessary. 

  • Stay healthy with good nutrition, regular exercise, sensible drinking, sleeping well, and for smokers, quitting. 

  • Do not participate in community gatherings including community sport.

  • Take the following hygiene actions:

    • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing you nose, coughing, sneezing, or using the toilet. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60 percent alcohol.

    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

    • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow.

    • Do not share drink bottles, crockery or cutlery.

  • Stop shaking hands, hugging or kissing as a greeting.

  • Ensure a distance of at least 1.5 metres is kept between yourself and others.

  • Get vaccinated for flu (influenza) when available. This will help reduce the strain on the healthcare system as it deals with coronavirus.

●      Clean and disinfect high touch surfaces regularly e.g. phones, keyboards, door handles, light switches, bench tops.


  1. 26/03/20

  2. 30/03/20


  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lesson 1: Introduction to epidemiology. Section 11: Epidemic disease occurrence. Level of disease. Updated May 18, 2012 26/03/20

  5. 29/03/20

  6. Raina K. Plowright et al. Pathways to zoonotic spillover Nat Rev Microbiol. 2017; 15(8): 502–510.  Published online 2017 May 30. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017. 

  7. Andersen, K.G., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W.I. et al. The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nat Med (2020). 17 March 2020.

  8. 29/03/20

  9. AVA email communication 28/03.20 : COVID-19: Report of human transmission to pet cat in Belgium.

  10. AVA Client information sheet COVID-19 and companion animals 18/03/20

  11. 29/03/20

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